Round 3, Historical Structures

Earlier this summer we posted part 1 and part 2 of our survey of historical structures surrounding Four Freedoms Park.

Here's part 3...

The red numbers correlate with the list below.

 

  1. 1 & 2 United Nations Plaza, built in 1976 and 1983, are two large office buildings that include many of the offices for the agencies and programs of the United Nations.  
  2. 799 United Nations Plaza was designed by Gwathmey Siegel & Associates and dedicated as the new home to the United States Mission to the United Nations in 2011. The USUN serves as the United States' delegation to the United Nations and carries out the nation's participation in the world body.
  3. 809 United Nations Plaza is the home to the New York City office of the Institute of International Education. IIE is an international education and training organization, founded in 1919. Inside 809 United Nations Plaza lies The Edgar J. Kaufmann Conference Facility. The conference facility is one of only two works by Finnish architect Alvar Aalto (1898-1976). "The liberated forms of the wood details ... the refinement of the light fixtures ... and other features create an atmosphere of exhilarated yet orderly inspiration which can hardly fail to enliven the discussions and pronouncements that take place within their ambience ... [The conference suite] carries, I believe, the spirit of a splendidly individual artist into the functioning of a normally and properly bureaucratic organization, one dedicated to serving the freedom of intellectual and artistic exchange world wide” (Mr. Kaufmann, Interior Design Magazine).
  4. Trump World Tower at 845 United Nations Plaza was designed by Costas Kondylis. The Trump World Tower was the talest residential tower in the world until the residential tower in Dubai (21st Century Tower) was completed. The construction of the Trump World Tower was opposed by many surrounding neighbors.  
  5. 860/870 United Nations Plaza, designed by Harrison, Abramovitz & Harris in 1966. This apartment complex overlooks the United Nations, Midtown and the East River. 
  6. Citigroup Center is one of the ten tallest skyscrapers in New York City. On Lexington Avenue between 53rd and 54th Street, Citigroup Center was designed by Hugh Stubbins & Associates and Emery Roth & Sons in 1978. The 45-degree angled roof was originally designed for solar panels, however, it was later realized that the position of the roof would not allow the panels to face direct sunlight.